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V2X

The Opportunity for C-V2X in the U.S.

Vehicle-to-everything (V2X) is an ecosystem of products and services that span various technologies. Cellular V2X (C-V2X) refers to the use of licensed cellular frequency bands, as well as the unlicensed 5.9 GHz band, for communications among:

  • In-vehicle units, typically referred to as onboard units (OBUs).
  • Roadside units (RSUs), which are the V2X-specific equipment deployed alongside roads and/or at intersections. At minimum, an RSU operates in the 5.9 GHz band (see next point). As such, it is basically an outdoor small cell – a LTE eNodeB and/or a 5G New Radio (NR)gNB.
  • Spectrum, this is the 5.9 GHz radio frequency band over which V2X communications happen. In the U.S., and at the time of this writing, the upper 30 megahertz (MHz) of the 5.9 gigahertz (GHz) band is reserved for V2X communications. This band was referred to as the dedicated short range communications (DSRC) spectrum band.
  • Communications protocol: Originally, V2X solutions used the 802.11p protocol. Because 802.11p was crafted to work in the 5.9 GHz band, the protocol and the RF band became synonymous, along with the equipment using it. In the last several years, cellular-based V2X (C-V2X) appears to have become the preferred choice for V2X.

In this market study, iGR presents an estimate for the cost of deploying C-V2X RSUs along U.S. roads and at intersections, along with the cost of deploying some basic C-V2X use cases.


Key Questions Answered

  • What is C-V2X and some of its expected use cases?
  • Who is driving C-V2X?
  • Who are the major C-V2X stakeholders?
  • What are some of the key benefits associated with C-V2X?
  • What are some of the key challenges associated with deploying C-V2X?
  • What standards are associated with C-V2X?
  • What is the basic C-V2X network architecture?
  • What are roadside units?
  • What are onboard units?
  • What are some example V2X deployments in the U.S.?
  • What might the cost be to deploy C-V2X RSUs alongside U.S. roads?
  • What might the cost be to deploy C-V2X RSUs at U.S. intersections?
  • What might be the costs associated with deploying several basic C-V2X use cases?

Who Should Read

  • Mobile operators
  • Mobile device OEMs
  • Mobile service and application developers
  • IoT vendors and solutions providers
  • Infrastructure OEMs
  • Financial analysts and investors..

Table of Contents

  • Abstract
  • Executive Summary
    • What This Means
  • Methodology
  • V2X Overview
    • Who is driving V2X?
    • C-V2X Applications
      • Safety and Warnings
      • Information
      • Convenience
      • Efficiency
      • Next-gen Use Cases
    • V2X Stakeholders
    • C-V2X Benefits
    • C-V2X Challenges
  • C-V2X Architecture
    • Building C-V2X into Roadside Infrastructure
    • Onboard Units
    • C-V2X and 3GPP
      • PC5 and Sidelinking
      • Application server (AS) and Interchange Function (IF)
      • V2X Application Enabler (VAE)
    • ARC-IT
  • V2X Deployments
    • General studies and trials
    • U.S. ITS Deployment Survey
    • Summary and Observations
  • Narrowing the Scope of C-V2X Deployments
  • Estimating C-V2X Deployment Costs
    • Estimating the Costs of C-V2X Deployment
      • Emergency Vehicle Preemption
      • Reduced Speed / Work Zone Warning
      • Curve Speed Warning
    • National C-V2X Cost Estimate
      • Cost of RSUs alongside Highways
      • Cost of RSUs at Intersections
      • Layering on C-V2X Use Cases
    • Definitions
    • About iGR
      • Disclaimer

    List of Tables

    • Table A: Total Spending for Outdoor Small Cell Actuals by Spectrum ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Table 1: State Legislation in 2020
    • Table 2: State Legislation in 2021
    • Table 3: TAM Sub 6 GHz and CBRS Outdoor Small Cells - Network Build Opportunity ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Table 4: TAM Sub 6 GHz and CBRS Outdoor Small Cells - Operational Opportunity ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Table 5: TAM Sub 6 GHz and CBRS Outdoor Small Cells – Total Opportunity ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Table 6: TAM mmWave Outdoor Small Cells - Network Build Opportunity ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Table 7: TAM mmWave Outdoor Small Cells - Operational Opportunity ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Table 8: TAM mmWave Outdoor Small Cells – Total Opportunity ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Table 9: Outdoor Small Cell TAM Opportunity by Spectrum ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Table 10: Sub 6 GHz Outdoor Small Cells Actuals - Network Build Spending ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Table 11: Sub 6 GHz Outdoor Small Cells Actuals - Operational Spending ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Table 12: Sub 6 GHz Outdoor Small Cells Actuals – Total Spending ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Table 13: CBRS Outdoor Small Cells Actuals - Network Build Spending ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Table 14: CBRS Outdoor Small Cells Actuals - Operational Spending ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Table 15: CBRS Outdoor Small Cells Actuals – Total Spending ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Table 16: mmWave Outdoor Small Cells Actuals - Network Build Spending ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Table 17: mmWave Outdoor Small Cells Actuals - Operational Spending ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Table 18: mmWave Outdoor Small Cells Actuals – Total Spending ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Table 19: Total Spending for Outdoor Small Cell Actuals by Spectrum ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Definitions Table

    List of Charts and Figures

    • Figure A: Total Spending for Outdoor Small Cell Actuals by Spectrum ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Figure B: Total Spending for Outdoor Small Cell Actuals ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Figure 1: Cell Site Backhaul Capabilities and Use Cases, Wired and Wireless
    • Figure 2: TAM Sub 6 GHz and CBRS Outdoor Small Cells - Network Build Opportunity ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Figure 3: TAM Sub 6 GHz and CBRS Outdoor Small Cells - Operational Opportunity ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Figure 4: TAM Sub 6 GHz and CBRS Outdoor Small Cells – Total Opportunity ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Figure 5: TAM mmWave Outdoor Small Cells - Network Build Opportunity ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Figure 6: TAM mmWave Outdoor Small Cells - Operational Opportunity ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Figure 7: TAM mmWave Outdoor Small Cells – Total Opportunity ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Figure 8: Outdoor Small Cell TAM Opportunity by Spectrum ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Figure 9: Outdoor Small Cell TAM Opportunity ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Figure 10: Sub 6 GHz Outdoor Small Cells Actuals - Network Build Spending ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Figure 11: Sub 6 GHz Outdoor Small Cells Actuals - Operational Spending ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Figure 12: Sub 6 GHz Outdoor Small Cells Actuals – Total Spending ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Figure 13: CBRS Outdoor Small Cells Actuals - Network Build Spending ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Figure 14: CBRS Outdoor Small Cells Actuals - Operational Spending ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Figure 15: CBRS Outdoor Small Cells Actuals – Total Spending ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Figure 16: mmWave Outdoor Small Cells Actuals - Network Build Spending ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Figure 17: mmWave Outdoor Small Cells Actuals - Operational Spending ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Figure 18: mmWave Outdoor Small Cells Actuals – Total Spending ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Figure 19: Total Spending for Outdoor Small Cell Actuals by Spectrum ($ millions), 2020-2025
    • Figure 20: Total Spending for Outdoor Small Cell Actuals ($ millions), 2020-2025

    For additional information on the The Opportunity for C-V2X in the U.S. market study, please contact Iain Gillott, at (512) 263-5682 or by email.